Updating international nuclear law
Japan is not party to any nuclear liability convention. See “Tokai-Mura Accident, Japan: Third Party Liability and Compensation Aspects,” at Brown, “Nuclear Liability: A Continuing Impediment To Nuclear Commerce”, 1999, at
Its Law on Compensation for Nuclear Damage provides for strict, exclusive and unlimited liability for operators.
The new book includes a paper by Globelaw's Duncan Currie, “Liability for Nuclear Power Incidents: Limitations, Restrictions and Gaps in the Vienna and Paris regimes." You can view the liability presentation made to the Salzburg conference here (flash format).
Download a 2005 table of ratifications of nuclear liability conventions here.
These include general administrative provisions and safety criteria of the BMUB, BMUB guidelines, incident guidelines, guidelines and recommendations of the Reactor Safety Commission (RSK) and the Commission on Radiological Protection (SSK), safety standards of the Nuclear Safety Standards Commission (KTA), nuclear engineering standards, technical rules and technical specifications for components and systems.
The task: updating of the nuclear rules and regulations The nuclear rules and regulations in the scope of the "Safety Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants", the "RSK Guidelines for Pressurized Water Reactors" and the "Incident Guidelines" date back to the late 1970s and early 1980s.
The provisions of the Atomic Energy Act are supplemented or specified by further laws and ordinances.The existing nuclear power plants are to be operated at a high level of safety for their remaining service lives.According to the German Constitution (Grundgesetz – GG), the Länder are responsible for the implementation of the Atomic Energy Act.Therefore, in September 2003, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) launched a comprehensive programme for the revision of the nuclear rules and regulations.The nuclear rules and regulations modernised on this basis comply with the current recommendations of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Western European Nuclear Regulators Association (WENRA) in the field of requirements for ensuring nuclear safety.
Legal basis of the peaceful use of nuclear energy National laws and ordinances are supplemented by multilateral conventions on nuclear safety, on radiation protection and on third party liability, as well as by the EURATOM Treaty and EU legislation.