Types of isotope dating

Posted by / 07-Sep-2017 06:44

The global radioisotope market was valued at .6 billion in 2016, with medical radioisotopes accounting for about 80% of this, and it is poised to reach about billion by 2021.

There is widespread awareness of the use of radiation and radioisotopes in medicine, particularly for diagnosis (identification) and therapy (treatment) of various medical conditions.In some cases radiation can be used to treat diseased organs, or tumours.Five Nobel Laureates have been closely involved with the use of radioactive tracers in medicine.In developed countries (26% of world population) the frequency of diagnostic nuclear medicine is 1.9% per year, and the frequency of therapy with radioisotopes is about one-tenth of this.In the USA there are over 20 million nuclear medicine procedures per year, and in Europe about 10 million.

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In using radiopharmaceuticals for diagnosis, a radioactive dose is given to the patient and the activity in the organ can then be studied either as a two dimensional picture or, using tomography, as a three dimensional picture.

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